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Northwest Travel 13

Take a Trip Through History at Devil’s Den State Park


I have a fond memory of visiting Devil’s Den State Park as a young child, but when my parents told me where we were spending the weekend, I trembled. My young mind worried over what kind of devil might dwell there. As we wound around the high curves of Highway 170 and descended into the wooded valley to our little rock cabin, my fear fell away. I couldn’t wait to see what adventures awaited me.

A visit to Devil’s Den State Park is a walk-through Arkansas history. Lee Creek Valley, which contains the 2,500-acre park, is deep in the hills of the Ozark Mountains and holds the largest formation of sandstone crevices in the United States. The steep bluffs, crevices and caves formed when layers of sandstone slid into the valley thousands of years ago. The bluffs offer a view of the earth’s history in its stacked layers of sandstone, limestone and shale. Fossils of crinoids, or sea lilies, are found along Lee Creek, which cuts through the park.

Human history within the park began early. The Arkansas Archeological Survey found evidence of six prehistoric sites connected with Native Americans who used the area primarily as hunting grounds.

European settlers arrived in the area before Arkansas became a state in 1836 and continued to settle in. Hikers can still see evidence of the town of Anna on the Devil’s Den Trail and remnants of other homesteads can be found across the park.

Photo of @TheParkWife kids, courtesy of Arkansas State Parks & Tourism

The park owes its name, Devil’s Den, to its approximately 60 crevice caves. Long held rumors say outlaws used these caves and the steep terrain surrounding them as the perfect hideout. From 1858-1861 the Butterfield Overland Stagecoach carried mail and passengers from Tipton, Missouri to Ft. Smith, Arkansas on its way to San Francisco. The route ran less than 5 miles from Devil’s Den, possibly providing outlaws with the opportunity to rob the stagecoach. Whether the rumors are true or not, the name stuck. During the Civil War, use of the area as a hideout continued as Southern bandits staged attacks against Union soldiers to garner supplies.

The Civil War ended, but the park’s notorious reputation continued into the 1900s. Two brothers, Otis and Otto Dotson, were accused of burning down the local school that served the homesteading families in the valley simply because they no longer wished to attend classes. In the 1920s and 30s, one of the caves once again allowed for shady dealings when it was used to make and store moonshine during Prohibition.

The 1930s brought a vast change to Devil’s Den that shaped the park into the one we know today. Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Civilian Conservation Corps to employ thousands of men in public service projects during the Great Depression. Devil’s Den was chosen as one of the sites in Arkansas to create a state park.

October 20, 1933, construction began in the park. First, the men built a campsite to house the corps of two hundred workers. Once the camp was up and running, they started their first construction project, a pavilion at Yellow Rock overlooking the beautiful valley. From 1933-1942, hundreds of young men participated in building rock cabins, a road into the park, a dam that created eight-acre Lake Devil, several bridges and many trails. Though the bridges washed away and had to be replaced with modern bridges, most of the CCC’s work remains. Today, Devil’s Den is recognized as one of the most well preserved CCC sites in the U.S.

Since the sandstone layers first slid into Lee Creek Valley thousands of years ago, Devil’s Den has been one of Arkansas’s most interesting and rugged areas. Thousands of people have visited the park since its inception in 1933.

Photo courtesy of Arkansas State Parks & Tourism

You can easily walk among the history of the park. Look for fossils in Lee Creek and you might find evidence of ancient creatures and plants. Stay in a rock cabin, hike a trail, or paddle a canoe and enjoy the history of the CCC. Though Devil’s Den caves are currently closed to the public, you can peer at an entrance and imagine what it was like to hide out inside one.

As you hike up the steep trail to Yellow Rock overlook and the CCC pavilion, imagine how Native American hunters traversed these lands in search of food. At the lookout at Yellow Rock, you’ll see the Ozark forest and mountains stretching away from you, much of it is still the same as it was when the CCC built the park, when outlaws and homesteaders called Devil’s Den home, and when Native Americans tread here.

Photo courtesy of Arkansas State Parks & Tourism

Devil’s Den is located 8 miles south of Fayetteville off Arkansas Highway 170. Visit arkansasstateparks.com for more information on how to enjoy this beautiful and historical park.

More information on our favorite Arkansas State Parks can be found here.

Cover photo courtesy of Arkansas State Parks & Tourism.  Devil’s Den waterfalls and overlook photos by Amy Mitchell. Devil’s Den crevice cave photo by Terry Mitchell. All photos are used with permission.

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Kimberly S. Mitchell loves journeys, real or imagined. She has hiked the Inca Trail, walked into Panama on a rickety wooden bridge and once missed the last train of the night in Paris and walked several miles home (with friends). She believes magic can be found in life and books, loves to watch the stars appear, and still dreams of backpacking the world. Now she writes adventures to send her characters on journeys, too. Pen & Quin: International Agents of Intrigue - The Mystery of the Painted Book is her debut novel. Find out more at KSMitchell.com.

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13 responses to “Take a Trip Through History at Devil’s Den State Park”

  1. […] who prefer to hit the Butterfield Trail on foot can do so at Devil’s Den State Park. The park has a hiking trail called the Butterfield Trail in honor of the stagecoach line. The […]

  2. […] Reunion Day | July 1 | Devil’s Den State Park – Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), built many of the parks throughout the state from the […]

  3. […] Devils Den State Park Date: July 1st Time: Varies Admission: Free Contact: […]

  4. […] Devil’s Den State Park is listed as a spot on the Arkansas Preservation Passport. While the Yellow trail is my favorite, there are many other long and short trail spots for great views, quiet spots to hang in a hammock, or to picnic together under the canopy of an Arkansas fall. Special features to check out: scenic overlook under a rock pavilion, cabins for an overnight stay, camping for a weekend adventure and the Devil’s Den Dam. […]

  5. […] Devil’s Den, West Fork Elicit a tender moment amid the rush of falls. […]

  6. […] Yellow Rock Trail located at Devil’s Den State Park is a moderate trail at just under 3 miles in length. It is quite busy on the weekends, but hikers […]

  7. […] a waterfall to sandstone crevices, the Devil’s Den Trail is one of the most fascinating areas of Devil’s Den State Park. Join Park Interpreter Mystina to discover some of the animals, plants, and natural forces that can […]

  8. Sandy Wiedman says:

    November 4 2019. I am watching the Travel channel . The story tonight talks about 2 men who went there to take pictures because of it’s beauty & interesting terrain. They said that they stayed up & to nightfall. They said that all of a sudden they spotted 3 points of light. It came closer until it was directly over them. And they then realized that it was a UFO. They left & when one of them went home & his wife touched him & she said,” u r burning up” she took his temperature and it was 104*. She took him to the hospital. He couldn’t remember anything about what had happened to them? He even said that they encountered non human beings. The doctor used a device to measure radiation and it was off of the charts? They both had burns on their chests. Has anyone else encountered anything else like that there at “Devil’s Den State Park”? Crazy!!!!

  9. […] Wedington. Devil’s Den. Maybe Lake Sequoyah, or Horseshoe Bend. These are the types of places most people think of when […]

  10. […] to enjoy in Arkansas. In Washington County, there are the trails at Devil’s Den State Park. The park even features a cave affectionately called The Devil’s Icebox where visitors can cool down […]

  11. […] this list of campgrounds, one of the oldest is Devil’s Den State Park. Since 1933, this place has grown popular and is a perfect place for camping. Over the years, it […]

  12. […] that includes Hobbs State Park Conservation Area, a 12,056-acre recreation area east of Rogers; Devil’s Den, the 2,500-acre state park south of Fayetteville; and Pinnacle Mountain State Park west of Little […]

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